Statistical Abstract of the United States is an excellent summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. Broken into sections, Statistical Abstract online runs from 1878 - 2012.
Statistics from over 100 federal agencies are easily searchable by topic from this website.
Education Statistics at a Glance
Brings together major statistical publications of the Department of Education covering educational attainment, number of schools, colleges, teachers and students, adult literacy, and more.
Statistics for agricultural production, supplies, consumption, facilities, costs, and returns. Agricultural Statistics online runs from 1994 to the present day.
Crime in the U.S.
Often quoted statistics on crime rates for the U.S. and cities are from this annual Justice Department publication. Statistics on hate crimes are listed in this source, too. It runs from 1995 - forward to present day.
Annual Energy Review
This website gives statistics on energy prices, production, resources, and consumption.
Locate the measure of poverty in the U.S.
FASTATS A to Z
A Statistical Rolodex from the Centers for Disease Control. From this list of alphabetic subjects, locate a multitude of health related statistics.
Health United States
Locate the current, and earlier, annual reports going back to 1975 on the health status of the Nation. Issued by the Secretary of the Dept. of Health and Human Services.